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Textured Abstract Art

Textured abstract art is the subject of this article. Abstract art can more easily use textures than objective depictions are able to, for several reasons.

Abstract art gradually developed from artistic movements including the impressionists, the expressionists and the romantic art movement, all of which placed greater emphasis on factors other than precise depiction of objective reality. As this emphasis developed through the experimentation of artists who challenged the existing conventions of art, eventually the idea of objective depiction, which had dominated western art for hundreds of years, was allowed to cease entirely and abstract art was born.

Texture is one of the recognized elements of art, along with form, space, shape, color, tone and line. Texture in art can be either physical (actual) texture, or visual texture. Physical texture refers to the texture of the painting (or other artwork) itself as an object, where as visual texture (also known as simulated texture) refers to the use of artistic media to give the visual impression of the texture of a represented object. Visual texture can, in abstract art, be used to give the impression of a texture which might not exist in objective reality.

Abstract art can use either physical texture, visual texture, or both, within a particular piece of artwork. The artist can use the paint (and/or other medium) itself to add physical texture, or can add additional materials such as metal, wood, sand etc. for their textural properties.

The material the artwork is made on can also have a significant impact on the textures available for the artist to work with. For example canvas or rougher watercolor paper has a distinct texture of its own particularly in comparison with smoother surfaces such as certain hot-pressed papers or treated boards. Different base materials can sometimes even be combined within one artwork, lending their different textures to the resulting piece.

There is also an artistic method know as "invented texture", which is used mostly in abstract art, where alternating materials are used to create an interesting texture. The term "abstract texture" refers to a texture used in an artwork, where the texture does not represent or relate to the texture of any objective reality.

Textures used in abstract art can vary from geometric to organic, and from random to ordered. The textures used can be the whole focus of the work, one of the most minor elements, or somewhere in between. Texture can align with other elements of the artwork, such as form or color, or can be used without any alignment to other artistic elements.

The use of texture can result in a variety of effects on the viewer of the painting (or other artwork). For example, rougher surfaces can be more visually active in contrast to the restfulness of smoother areas of the artwork, creating a contrast in energy levels across different areas of the work.

Lastly, the light in which the artwork is viewed can have a significant impact on how the textures, both physical and visual, are seen by the viewer. Textured abstract art needs to be viewed using suitable lighting, for the ideal visual impact.
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